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The Number of Cambodian Women in Politics at the Sub-national level Is on the Increase

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Source: Cambodia Commune Council Database, 2012
Gender mainstreaming at the sub-national level (i.e. province, district, and commune levels) has been  implemented  by the government of Cambodia under the context of decentralization and deconcentration (D&D ). One of the so-called activities of the mainstreaming is the advocacy of increasing the number of women governors, deputy governors, district, commune and village chiefs. Gradually, there has been an increasing of number of Cambodian women involve in politics. The official figure of the third commune/Sangkat election in 2012 shows an uprising of number women elected as commune or Sangkat chiefs. From the 2nd mandate (2007) to the 3rd, the number of female commune/Sangkat chiefs has been increased from 4% (72 out of 1612) to 6% (95 out of 1633).        
              
Mrs. Ear Chanthol
Today, Neary-Khmer is sharing with you a case profile of Mrs. Ear Chantol who was elected in the third mandate as the chief of Kienchrey commune, Kampong Siem district, Kampong Cham province.

Starting her career first as a member of a commune council, Mrs. Chanthol was elected to the position of commune chief of Kienchrey commune, Kampong Siem district, Kampong Cham province. She was born in 1965 and her husband is a police officer at Kienchrey commune. Chanthol has three sons and one daughter.  Read or download her full story at Cambodian Center for Human Right
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Women and Drinking

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ស្ត្រី​និង​គ្រឿងស្រវឹង

Drinking alcohol for entertainment becomes very common for women in western and Asian countries. Not much different, Cambodian women nowadays also involve in drinking in their entertainment activities such as attaining wedding, hanging out with friends and family, or celebrating party, etc.
Besides from this, the majority of Cambodian women who involved much in either moderate or excessive drinking are Beer girls. They sell beer and drink it when customer request to do so. Those women are at high risk facing with health problem. As a matter of fact, alcohol presents another health challenge for women. In some ways, heavy drinking is much more risky for women than it is for men.

Why are lower levels of drinking recommended for women than for men?

It is because women are at greater risk than men for developing alcohol-related problems. Alcohol passes through the digestive tract and is dispersed in the water in the body. The more water available, the more diluted the alcohol. As a rule, men weigh more than women, and, pound for pound, women have less water in their bodies than men. Therefore, a woman’s brain and other organs are exposed to more alcohol and to more of the toxic byproducts that result when the body breaks down and eliminates alcohol.The Dietary Guidelines define moderate drinking as no more than one drink a day for women and no more than two drinks a day for men.
The Dietary Guidelines point out that drinking more than one drink per day for women can increase the risk for motor vehicle crashes, other injuries, high blood pressure, stroke, violence, suicide, and certain types of cancer.

Benefits and Risks of Moderate Drinking
Moderate drinking can have short- and long-term health effects, both positive and negative:

Benefits:
Heart disease: Once thought of as a threat mainly to men, heart disease also is the leading killer of women. Drinking moderately may lower the risk for coronary heart disease, mainly among women over age 55. However, there are other factors that reduce the risk of heart disease, including a healthy diet, exercise, not smoking, and keeping a healthy weight. Moderate drinking provides little, if any, net health benefit for younger people. (Heavy drinking can actually damage the heart.)

Risks:
Drinking and driving: It doesn’t take much alcohol to impair a person’s ability to drive. The chances of being killed in a single-vehicle crash are increased at a blood alcohol level that a 140-lb. woman would reach after having one drink on an empty stomach.

Medication interactions: Alcohol can interact with a wide variety of medicines, both prescription and over-the-counter. Alcohol can reduce the effectiveness of some medications, and it can combine with other medications to cause or increase side effects. Alcohol can interact with medicines used to treat conditions as varied as heart and blood vessel disease, digestive problems, and diabetes. In particular, alcohol can increase the sedative effects of any medication that causes drowsiness, including cough and cold medicines and drugs for anxiety and depression. When taking any medication, read package labels and warnings carefully.

Breast cancer: Research suggests that as little as one drink per day can slightly raise the risk of breast cancer in some women, especially those who are postmenopausal or have a family history of breast cancer. It is not possible, however, to predict how alcohol will affect the risk for breast cancer in any one woman.

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Drinking by a pregnant woman can harm her unborn baby, and may result in a set of birth defects called fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).
Drinking over the long term is more likely to damage a woman’s health than a man’s, even if the woman has been drinking less alcohol or for a shorter length of time than the man.
The health effects of alcohol abuse and alcoholism are serious. Some specific health problems include:

Alcoholic liver disease: Women are more likely than men to develop alcoholic hepatitis (liver inflammation) and to die from cirrhosis.

Brain disease: Most alcoholics have some loss of mental function, reduced brain size, and changes in the function of brain cells. Research suggests that women are more vulnerable than men to alcohol-induced brain damage.

Cancer: Many studies report that heavy drinking increases the risk of breast cancer. Alcohol also is linked to cancers of the digestive track and of the head and neck (the risk is especially high in smokers who also drink heavily).

Heart disease: Chronic heavy drinking is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease. Among heavy drinkers, women are more susceptible to alcohol-related heart disease, even though women drink less alcohol over a lifetime than men.

Stress and Drinking:
Stress is a common theme in women’s lives. Research confirms that one of the reasons people drink is to help them cope with stress. However, it is not clear just how stress may lead to problem drinking. Heavy drinking by itself causes stress in a job and family. Many factors, including family history, shape how much a woman will use alcohol to cope with stress. A woman’s past and usual drinking habits are important. Different people have different expectations about the effect of alcohol on stress. How a woman handles stress, and the support she has to manage it, also may affect whether she uses alcohol in response to stress.

There is neither accurate figure nor study about alcohol related-issue of how much and how many Cambodian women drinking alcohol, but it is believed that somehow women in Khmer society drink alcohol for many purposes. It is important to know how alcohol can affect a woman’s health and safety. As you can see, alcohol has developed many risks for health such as stress, heart and liver disease, fatal syndrome, family and social issue, traffic accident and so on, that is why we should be well aware of any bad consequences of drinking alcohol.
We only hope that, this article will serve as information to all Cambodian women as well to all the women as a whole to be aware of excessive drinking alcohol beverages.
Care about your health, it is better to moderate your alcohol consumption!


References:
http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/
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លិខិតអញ្ជើញចូលរួមយុទ្ធនាការ​១៦​ថ្ងៃ​ពី​វិបផតថលស្តីអំពីស្ត្រី

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កម្មវិធី​ ស្ត្រី​នៃ​អង្គការ​វិទ្យាស្ថាន​បើក​ទូលាយ​ សូម​គោរព​អញ្ជើញ​ លោក​អ្នក​ ចូល​រួម​ក្នុង​យុទ្ធនាការ​​​​ ១៦​ថ្ងៃ ដែល​ប្រព្រឹត្តិ​ទៅ​ចាប់​ពី​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​២៥ ខែ​វិច្ឆិកា រហូត​ដល់​ថ្ងៃ​ទី១០ ខែ​ធ្នូ ក្រោម​ប្រធាន​បទ «ប្រើ​ ICTដើម្បី​បញ្ចប់​អំពើ​ហិង្សា​លើ​ស្ត្រី» ឬ «Take Back The Tech​ »​​​​។ ដើម្បី​ឲ្យ​យុទ្ធនាការ​នេះ​មាន​កម្លាំង​កាន់​តែ​ខ្លាំង និង​មាន​លក្ខណៈ​សាមគ្គី​​ភាព​ខ្ពស់​​ ក្នុង​ការ​លុប​បំបាត់​អំពើ​ហិង្សា​លើ​ស្ត្រី​។ 

Stop Violent againts Women!



សំរាប់ព័ត៌មានលំអិតសូមអានបន្ថែម​ត្រង់​​ នេះ


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ស្រ្តីនិងការជក់បារី (Women and Smoking )

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Do you know how many women in the world smoke cigarette?
The fact is that millions of women smoke especially in United State. A figure from www.americanheart.org shows that an estimated 26.2 million men (23.5 percent) and 20.9 million women (18.1 percent) are smokers. In contrary, most of Cambodian women do not smoke. This is because of the strict and good culture and tradition of Cambodia. This also represents a very good habit of Neary Khmer (Cambodian women). For women, smoking is very harmful to health in many ways.

ស្ត្រីខ្មែរតិចណាស់ដែលចេះជក់បារី!​នេះគឺជាចំនុចល្អដែលគួរឲកត់សំគាល់មួយរបស់នារីខ្មែរយើង។

Unfortunately, if you are female, sucking down the cigarettes might cause worse physical complications than male counterparts. A recent study presented by the American Thoracic Society's annual meeting found that women developed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at an earlier age - and after fewer years of smoking than men.

Previous studies on lung cancer also suggest cigarette smoking will cause lung cancer in women more often than in men, even if they smoke less and don't start until they're much older. The researchers are looking at hormones - specifically estrogen - as a possible cause of this increased risk.

Women smokers suffer all the consequences of smoking that men do such as increased of risk various cancers (lung, mouth, larynx, pharynx, esophagus, kidney, pancreas, kidney, and bladder) and respiratory diseases, but as women we need explicit cognizance about the numerous smoking-related health risks which are uniquely ours. This article explores these risks and, hopefully, provides women smokers the further perception and inducement, perhaps, needed to stop smoking.

Hormones and Smoking: Estrogen replacement therapy provides beneficial protection, to post menopausal women against the risk of osteoporosis. But these benefits are many times negated by the increased cardiovascular and other health risks associated with smoking while taking hormones.

Women who smoke face a serious increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack and stroke when using estrogens. This risk should be discussed with your physician before beginning hormone replacement therapy, if you are a smoker. Your doctor will assist you if you choose to quit smoking.

Osteoporosis and Smoking: Osteoporosis affects most of us if we live long enough. But there are certain things we can do to reduce our risk of osteoporosis such as participating in regular physical activity and making sure we are getting 1000mg to 1500mg of calcium daily. Smoking causes a significant increase in the risk of bone loss and osteoporosis. Women, who smoke, one pack of cigarettes a day, often experience a loss of bone density equaling five to ten percent more than nonsmokers by the time they reach menopause.

Bone density scanning, to determine the density of your bone structure, is recommended for all women beginning at age 40. Bone density scanning is particularly crucial for women smokers so that changes can be noted and treatment can ensue if osteoporosis is noted.


Heart Disease and Smoking: Approximately 34,000 deaths in women from ischemic heart disease are attributed to smoking each year. Although most of these deaths are in women past menopause, the risk of smoking-related heart disease is significantly higher in young women smokers.

Researchers in Denmark have found a 50 percent greater risk of heart attack in women smokers over men smokers. This difference may be due to the interaction of estrogen with the chemicals found in cigarettes.

Cervical Cancer and Smoking: All women should have annual GYN exams that include Pap smears and for women who smoke the necessity is even greater. Studies show that smoking may lead to the development of cervical cancer; one study found an 80 percent greater risk of developing cervical cancer in smokers.

Cervical cancer patients who quit smoking or who cut down, by at least 75 percent, may have a greater chance of remission and survival than patients who continue smoking.

Some thought is given that chemicals found in cervical tissue which are also found in cigarettes may weaken the ability of cervical cells to fight off infection and may create a potential breeding ground for abnormal cervical cells to multiply.

Breast Cancer and Smoking: The American Cancer Society published the results of a study in 1994 which indicated that breast cancer patients who smoke may increase their risk of dying at least 25 percent--a risk that increases with the number of cigarettes smokes per day. The possible risk of fatal breast cancer rises up to 75 percent for women who smoke two packs or more per day.

The good news is that if you quit now your potential risk of dying as a result of future breast cancer remains the same as for a nonsmoker.

Vulvar Cancer and Smoking: Another type of cancer which may occur more frequently in smokers is vulvar cancer. Smokers experience a forty percent higher risk of developing this, devastating, type of gynecological cancer.

This article does not mean that smoking is not harmful to men; it just the emphasis on women health but both of them are endangered if they are still continuous their smoking.
មិនមែនមានន័យថាបុរសជក់បារីមិនសូវមានគ្រោះថ្នាក់នោះទេ​គ្រាន់តែទីនេះ​អត្ថបទចង់បញ្ជាក់និងសង្កត់ធ្ងន់លើគ្រោះថ្នាក់ចំពោះស្ត្រីជាងបុរស។

Tips for Quitting Smoking

Plan ahead to quit smoking on a certain day: When your quit smoking day arrives, make sure you have thrown out all the ashtrays and cigarettes you have in your home, so you won't be tempted.

Have plenty of raw vegetables such as carrot sticks, celery, etc. Available for the times you feel like eating as a result of your desire to have something in your hand/mouth.

Many women fear gaining weight as a result of quitting smoking. Participating in a vigorous exercise program three times per week may help you quit and exercise helps reduce any subsequent weight gain, as well as providing overall health benefits.

Over-the-counter methods that supply nicotine in forms such as gums like Nicorette and patches, such as the Nicoderm C Q patch, help many people decrease the physical symptoms of nicotine withdrawal. Never smoke simultaneously with one of these methods--nicotine overdose may occur.

See your physician if you need further assistance achieving your quit smoking goal. He can offer additional methods which are available by prescription.References:

http://thevibe.socialvibe.com
http://womenshealth.about.com
http://www.americanheart.org



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ក្លាយ​ពី​អ្នក​ញៀន​ថ្នាំ​ញៀន​ទៅ​ជា​អ្នក​អប់រំ​ពី​គ្រឿង​ញៀន

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ដកស្រង់ចេញពី​​​ women.open.org.kh
ស្ត្រីមេម៉ាយកូនមួយ​ម្នាក់បានធ្លាក់ខ្លួនក្លាយជាអ្នកប្រើប្រាស់គ្រឿងញានដោយសារតែវិបត្តិ​គ្រួសារ​វិបត្តិ​ហិរញ្ញវត្ថុ​និងរឿងរ៉ាវផ្សេងៗដែលកើតឡើងចំពោះនាង។​​ក្រោយភ្លៀង​មេឃស្រលះ។​​ជាមួយនូវ​ទឹក​មុខ​ញញឹម​ ដោយ​បង្កប់​នូវ​មនោសញ្ចេតនា​នៃ​ជីវិត​ថ្មី​ដ៏​ស្រស់​បំព្រង​ លោកស្រី​ ចេន​ រស្មី​បានប្រែក្លាយពី​អ្នកសេពគ្រឿងញៀន​មកជាអ្នកផ្តល់សេវាអប់រំដើម្បីផ្តាច់ពីការ​ញៀន​ថ្នាំ​ញៀន។

អានបន្ថែម

តើពេលណា​គ្រឿងញៀន​ឈប់បំផ្លាញមនុស្ស​?​​សំនួរនេះបែបគ្នានចម្លើយទេមើលទៅ!​

សូមឈប់ប្រើគ្រឿងញៀន​​និងប្រឆាំងដាច់អហំការ​រាល់ការជួញដូរ​គ្រឿងញៀន​ដើម្បី​អនាគតអ្នក​​សុភមង្គលគ្រួសារ​​និង​សង្គមជាតិ!


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ជីវិតរបស់ វ៉ាន់ ស៊ីណា ជ័យលាភីសេរីភាពឆ្នាំ២០០៩

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(ដកស្រង់ចេញពី ​វិទ្យុអូស្ត្រាលីខេមរភាសា​​ )

2009 Frederick Douglass Award Winner - Sina Vann from Free the Slaves on Vimeo.



មានស្រ្តីនិង កុមារ រាប់ពាន់នាក់បានក្លាយជាជនរងគ្រោះ នៅក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជា ដោយសារអំពើជួញដូរផ្លូវភេទ ប៉ុន្តែគេកម្រឃើញមាន
ជនរងគ្រោះណាហ៊ាន ក្រោកឈរឡើង ដើម្បីវាយប្រយុទ្ធប្រឆាំងនឹងអំពើឧក្រិដ្ឋនេះវិញ
ណាស់។ ប៉ុន្តែ​អតីតជនរងគ្រោះដោយអំពើ
ជួញដូរផ្លូវភេទម្នាក់ បានក្រោកឈរ វាយប្រយុទ្ធនឹងអំពើជួញដូរផ្លូវភេទនេះវិញ រហូតដល់
ទទួលបានពានរង្វាន់ សេរីភាពឆ្នាំ២០០៩ពីអង្គការអន្តរជាតិមួយនៅក្នុងសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក។
បច្ចុប្បន្ន​វ៉ាន់ ស៊ីណា អាយុ
២៥ឆ្នាំ វ៉ាន់ ស៊ីណា មើលទៅហាក់ដូចជានារីធម្មតាម្នាក់ ប៉ុន្តែអ្វីដែលធ្វើឲ្យនាងខុស​ប្លែកពីនារីរាប់លាននាក់ផ្សេងទៀតនោះគឺបទពិសោធន៍ដ៏ឈឺចាប់ដែលនាងបានឆ្លង
កាត់នៅក្នុងអតីតកាលដ៏សែនជូរចត់របស់នាងកាលពីជាង១០ឆ្នាំមុន។


វ៉ាន់ ស៊ីណា ត្រូវគេជួញដូរពីប្រទេសវៀតណាឲ្យមកធ្វើជាទាសករបំរើផ្លូវភេទនៅក្នុង
ប្រទេសកម្ពុជា តាំងពីនាងមានអាយុទើបបាន១៣ឆ្នាំម្ល៉េះ។ វ៉ាន់ ស៊ីណារឺ ហ្វេង ធីប៊ិត ដែលជាឈ្មោះកំនើតរបស់នាងជាភាសាវៀតណាមនោះធ្លាប់ត្រូវមេបនបង្ខំឲ្យទទួល
ភ្លៀវពី២០ទៅ៣០នាក់ ជារៀងរាល់ថ្ងៃ។ដើម្បីរួចផុតពីការវាយដំនិងការឆក់ខ្សែភ្លើង
ពីសំណាក់មេបន ស៊ីណាត្រូវបង្ខំចិត្តញញឹមដាក់ភ្លៀវគ្រប់រូបទាំងក្រសែភ្នែកបង្កប់
ដោយការឈឺចាប់ស្ទើរតែពុំអាចពិពណ៌នាបាន។

អាន​ អត្តបទលំអិតជាភាសាខ្មែរ

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